What are the Most Common Fertility Tests?

January 3, 2019

Not conceiving when you hope can come as a shock to couples who don’t have any known health conditions or fertility problems. In the challenging economic environment, we’ve had for the last decade, it makes good sense to plan to start your family when you are financially secure.

Fertility Tests

Often, a couple will put enormous energy into all of the things they can control about family planning. When you’ve worked so hard to get everything ready for the family you dream of creating, it feels confusing and cruel when a pregnancy does not happen when you start trying. This can leave couples with a lot of questions. What can they do to increase their odds of conceiving? Should they go for fertility testing? Is something seriously wrong?

First off, if you don’t conceive right away, do not panic! Consider that the classic definition of infertility for couples younger than 35 is that they have not conceived after a year of trying. If you have not conceived after a year of trying at the most likely time, it is time to consider fertility testing. If you are older than 35, you might want to arrange fertility testing sooner.

Are You Ready for Fertility Testing?

Not conceiving when you expect to can be very stressful. It can put a strain on the strongest relationship. Not getting pregnant can leave people feeling frustrated, sad and angry. The process of being tested can also be stressful. That’s why it is important to be emotionally ready and to have good support in place for the process, such as fertility counselling. There is a silver lining. The lack of control over your body and your future is one of the hardest things about infertility. Taking the step of getting tested and learning about your fertility treatment options will give you some control.

Because so many factors influence fertility, your specialist will first meet with you and discuss the specifics of your individual health and lifestyle. With that insight, your specialist can recommend the best tests for both partners.

What Are the Most Common Fertility Tests?

Some of the most common fertility tests for women are:

  • Hormone Blood Tests – The Anti-Mullerian Hormone test provides crucial information about a woman’s egg supply, but other hormones such as prolactin, follicle stimulating hormone, progesterone, luteinizing hormone, oestradiol and even thyroid stimulating hormone to play important roles. These can be checked too depending on the clinical scenario
  • Uterine and Tubal Assessment – Blocked fallopian tubes, fibroids and polyps can prevent pregnancy, so a check of the uterus and tubes is important. A transvaginal ultrasound is a routine part of fertility testing, and sometimes a saline infusion sonogram is used too.
  •  Antral Follicle Count Scan – The transvaginal ultrasound will also include a check the number and size of follicles. Follicles are crucial to fertilising eggs.

The basic fertility tests for men include:

  •  Semen Analysis – Checking the sperm count, motility (how well sperm move) and morphology (size and shape of sperm) is an essential step in diagnosing and treating infertility for all couples.

If you have further questions about the tests, get in touch with us today.

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