IUI stands for Intrauterine Insemination, it is also commonly called Artificial Insemination (AI). This treatment works by preparing the sperm sample and introducing it into the uterus. The ways IUI works is by increasing the number of spermatozoa that reach the egg (by delivering it closer) and by increasing the number of eggs ovulated.
When is IUI recommended?
- Patients with abnormal ovulation
- Patients with mild male factor
- Patients with unexplained infertility
- Patients with open fallopian tubes
How does IUI happen?
1- First we need to assess your fallopian tubes through a test called HyFoSy (Hysterosalpingo-foam sonography) or HSG (hysterosalpingography) and make sure your partner’s sperm is suitable for this treatment (Semen analysis).
2- Ovarian stimulation: In this phase you will be receiving certain drugs to stimulate the growth of one or more follicles with their egg. This phase will usually last 10-14 days
3- Trigger of ovulation: this phase will finish the maturation process of the egg and will trigger it’s liberation from the follicle for fertilisation (this is taken 12-36 hours before insemination).
4- Insemination: this is a very straightforward procedure that lasts about 20 minutes. During this time a very thin catheter is used to insert and deliver the sperm sample inside the uterus.
5- Pregnancy test: Two weeks after the insemination you will do a pregnancy test. If it is negative you would be able to try a second or third attempt or have a consultation with your treating consultant to reassess your case.